Storia e Politica 3/2022

Storia e Politica

rivista quadrimestrale: XIII, 3, 2022

ISSN : 2037-0520
 

Ricerche/Articles 

 

Franco Savarino

Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (México) – ORCID: 0000-0003-4523-804X

¿ORIENTALISMO EN OCCIDENTE? MIRADAS ITALIANAS SOBRE CULTURA E IDENTIDAD MEXICANA, 1913-1931

(ORIENTALISM IN THE WEST? ITALIAN PERSPECTIVES ON MEXICAN CULTURE AND IDENTITY, 1913-1931)

Keywords: Orientalism, Mexico, Travel Narrative, Transnationalism, Identity, Italian Gaze 

The article addresses the issue of the center-periphery relationship in the first half of the 20th century, from the perspective of the European “orientalist” gaze towards the Latin American “periphery”. Starting from the assumption that Italy was a “periphery” of the European “center”, a tour is presented through some Italian travelers who visited Mexico in the first decades of the century, in the context and background of the formation of authoritarian nationalist regimes in both countries. Through the traveling gaze of Italians – journalists and writers – the universe of Italian perceptions of the complex and “exotic” geographic, ethnic, cultural and political reality of Mexico is explored, revealing a transnational framework that supposes intersections, understandings, mistakes, sympathies and rejections, outlining an “otherness” that is partly familiar and partly distant and elusive.

Elena Laurenzi

Università del Salento – ORCID: 0000-0001-5523-3897

FILANTROPE FEMMINISTE NELL·ITALIA DI INIZIO NOVECENTO. UN·AVANGUARDIA POCO RICONOSCIUTA

(Feminist Philanthropists in Italy in the Early 1900s. A little recognized avant-garde)

Keywords: Political Philanthropy, Practical Feminism, Industrie Femminili Italiane, Amelia Pinkerle Rosselli. 

This paper analyzes the female philanthropy in Italy at the beginnings of the XX century, as a strategy of the Italian emancipation movement in the direction of “practical feminism”. The central part of the essay presents a concrete initiative, the cooperative of the Industrie Femminili Italiane (Italian Female Industries), and discusses its political relevance through some writings by Amelia Pincherle Rosselli, a very active member of the organization. Rosselli highlights: 1) the political significance of the enterprise, whose objective was not only the economic and social promotion of women, but also their active citizenship; 2) the enhancement of textile craftsmanship that underlies specific development model and quality of work; 3) the polyvalent meaning of lace, in the economic, social, aesthetic and symbolic realms; 4) the laboratory as a place where unprecedented relationships were experienced between women of different classes. In conclusions, the paper refers to recent researches that suggest a new methodological and historiographical approach, useful for framing the presence of feminist philanthropists and recognizing their particular contribution to the political history of the twentieth century.

Alessandro Della Casa

Università degli Studi della Tuscia – ORCID: 0000-0002-3517-3222

LA VIA INTERMEDIA. IL NEW CONSERVATISM DI PETER VIERECK

(THE MIDDLE ROAD. PETER VIERECK’S ‘NEW CONSERVATISM’)

Keywords: Viereck, conservatism, liberalism, politics, America 

Peter Viereck (1916-2006) is the acknowledged forerunner of the United States conservative movement that growed after WWII. Indeed, from 1940 onward, he made the case for a New Conservatism, charged with the implementation of classical and Christian ‘absolute moral laws’ and with the safeguard of the American tradition, based on civil liberties and humanitarian values. He considered conservatism to be at the centre of the political spectrum, between totalitarian ideologies as much as between statism and individualist atomism. This led Viereck to clash with the 1950s and 1960s right-wingers, who expelled him from the conservative camp. Also through the use of unpublished sources, this essay aims to reconstruct those noteworthy events in the history of the American political thought.

Alessio Panichi

Johns Hopkins University

Department of Modern Languages and Literatures – ORCID: 0000-0001-6230-1237

PARLANDO DI RIVOLUZIONE: NORBERTO BOBBIO E IL SUO ULTIMO CORSO DI FILOSOFIA POLITICA

(Talking About Revolution: Norberto Bobbio and His Last Course on Political Philosophy)

Keywords: Bobbio, Political Change, Reform, Revolution, Socialism. 

The paper focuses on Norberto Bobbio’s book Mutamento politico e rivoluzione, published by Donzelli in 2021, which gathers the transcripts of his last course on political philosophy. More specifically, the paper is divided into two main sections. The first section concerns Bobbio’s remarks on how philosophers shifted from rejecting political change to legitimizing resistance against power. The second section regards Bobbio’s attempt to reconstruct the history of the idea of revolution, as well as its relationship to the cognate but rival concept of reform. Furthermore, the paper concludes by shedding some light on Bobbio’s own opinion on the reform-revolution alternative, which occupies center stage in nineteenth- and twentieth-century debate on socialism and the strategy for a socialist transformation of society.

Stefania Mazzone

Università degli Studi di Catania

Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche e Sociali – ORCID: 0000-0003-1613-3513 

ARMANDA GUIDUCCI E LA TEORIA CRITICA DEL MARXISMO: DONNE, LAVORO, CORPI E NOMADISMO

(ARMANDA GUIDUCCI AND THE CRITICAL THEORY OF MARXISM:

WOMEN, WORK, BODIES AND NOMADISM)

Keywords: Feminism, Difference, Marxism, Poststructuralism, Work 

The becoming-woman, brought about by the post-structuralist hypothesis as it is configured in the debate of Italian feminism, and beyond, of the 1970s, is a political, philosophical, social issue of power and the unpolitical space of the feminine. Armanda Guiducci crosses the defining and narrative paths of the relationship between nature and culture, biology and identity, in a process in which becoming-species crosses the biological as a social fact. In this context, the production of the Italian intellectual confronts in an original and critical way with orthodox Marxism on the one hand and with the feminism of difference, on the other, starting from the “cultural self-creation of a body freed from all narcissistic sedimentations”, in a nomadic and pluriversic process of production and reproduction.

 

Studi e interpretazioni/Studies and interpretations

Francesca Russo

Università “Suor Orsola Benincasa” di Napoli

Dipartimento di Scienze formative, psicologiche e della comunicazione – ORCID: 0000-0003-1748-5051 

IL LORENZINO DE’ MEDICI DI FRANCESCO MARIA PIAVE MUSICATO DA GIOVANNI PACINI

(THE LORENZINO DE’ MEDICI BY FRANCESCO MARIA PIAVE SET TO MUSIC BY GIOVANNI PACINI)

Keywords: Republican political tradition; Legitimacy of tyrannicide; Florentine Renaissance republicanism; Public opinion and opera; Lorenzino de’ Medici. 

The main purpose of this essay is to critically analyse the contribution made to the formation of public opinion in favour of the cause of the unity of the Italian nation by a work by Francesco Maria Piave, Lorenzino de’ Medici, set to music by Giovanni Pacini, written to be performed at the “La Fenice” theatre in Venice in the Carnival of 1844. Piave was one of Giuseppe Verdi’s favourite librettists, who had shown interest in this text, but had not been able to complete the work for reasons including political censorship. The anti-Tyrannical and pro-Republican political significance of Lorenzino de’ Medici can be seen in the context of the opera, which brings out the hope of the Italian people to soon see the freedom of the nation.

Melissa Giannetta

Università degli Studi di Salerno

Dipartimento di Scienze del Patrimonio Culturale – ORCID: 0000-0002-3836-5721 

JEAN BODIN, INTERPRETE STORICO E POLITICO DELLA PROFEZIA DI DANIELE

(JEAN BODIN, HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL INTERPRETER OF THE PROPHECY OF DANIEL)

Keywords: Bodin, Prophecy, State, Philosophy of history, The four monarchies, Traslatio imperii. 

In the second and the seventh chapters of the book of Daniel, there is a prophecy on the fate of politics: it is the prophecy of the four monarchies. According to Christian tradition, it outlines the history of the world from Daniel’s time to the end. The Reformation historians of the sixteenth century embedded the theme of translation of empire in this fourfold scheme because they read the Holy Roman Empire as a natural continuation of the fourth monarchy, the Roman Empire. Jean Bodin as a historian refused this “imperial” interpretation of the four monarchies of Daniel. His refutation turns into a view of the State’s history that focuses on the concept of progress free from a theological framework.

Cronache e notizie/Chronicles and news 

Alessandro Dividus

Università di Pisa

Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche – ORCID: 0000-0003-4481-7939 

GIUSEPPE MAZZINI: “LA PATRIA È LA CASA DELL’UOMO, NON DELLO SCHIAVO”. ORIGINE E SVILUPPI DI UN’IDEA DI PATRIA FONDATA SULLA LIBERTÀ – Convegno Internazionale in occasione del 150° anniversario della morte di Giuseppe Mazzini, Genova 10-11 giugno 2022

(GIUSEPPE MAZZINI: “THE HOMELAND IS THE HOUSE OF MAN, NOT OF THE SLAVE”. ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENTS OF AN IDEA OF HOMELAND BASED ON FREEDOM – International Conference commemorating the 150th anniversary of the death of Giuseppe Mazzini, Genoa 10-11 June 2022)

 Anna Di Bello

Università Suor Orsola Benincasa – Napoli – ORCID: 0000-0003-3513-4001 

RETHINKING LIBERAL EUROPE: IDEAS OF EUROPE AND NOTIONS OF FREEDOM BETWEEN 1848 AND 1945. XIII ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE RESEARCH NETWORK ON THE HISTORY OF THE IDEA OF EUROPE – INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE (Turin 29-30 June – 1 July 2022)