Storia e Politica 2/2019

Materia: Storia delle dottrine e delle istituzioni politiche

Rivista scaricabile gratuitamente 2-2019

Storia e politica : rivista quadrimestrale : XI, 2, 2019


Drezione/Editors: Claudia Giurintano (Direttore responsabile, Università di Palermo), Giorgio Scichilone (Università di Palermo). Eugenio Guccione (Direttore emerito, Università di Palermo).

Comitato Scientifico/ Advisory Board: Marcella Aglietti (Università di Pisa); Francesco Bonini (Università Lumsa); Gabriele Carletti (Università di Teramo); Paolo Carta (Università di Trento); Manuela Ceretta (Università di Torino); Salvatore Cingari (Università per Stranieri di Perugia); Alberto De Sanctis (Università di Genova); Franco M. Di Sciullo (Università di Messina); Claudia Giurintano (Università di Palermo); Guido Melis (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Enza Pelleriti (Università di Messina); Francesca Russo (Università Suor Orsola Benincasa); Fabrizio Sciacca (Università di Catania); Giorgio Scichilone (Università di Palermo); Luca Scuccimarra (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Mario Tesini (Università di Parma).- Honorary Members: Nicola Antonetti (Università di Parma); Giuseppe Astuto (Università di Catania); Paolo Bagnoli (Università di Siena); Franca Biondi Nalis (Università di Catania); Giuseppe Buttà (Università di Messina); Maria Sofia Corciulo (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Eugenio Guccione (Università di Palermo); Francesco Mercadante (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Paolo Pastori (Università di Camerino); Claudio Vasale (Università Lumsa).

Comitato Scientifico Internazionale/International Advisory Board: Francisco Javier Ansuátegui Roig (Universidad Carlo III de Madrid); William J. Connell (Seton Hall University); Bernard A. Cook (Loyola University New Orleans); John P. McCormick (University of Chicago); Jean-Yves Frétigné (Université de Rouen – Normandie); Marcel Gauchet (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales – Paris); Rachel Hammersley (Newcastle University); François Jankowiak (Université Paris-Sud/Paris-Saclay); Salvatore Rotella (Riverside Community College – California); Quentin Skinner (University of London).

Comitato Editoriale/Editorial Board: Cataldo Nicosia (coordinamento redazionale, Università di Catania); Dario Caroniti (Università di Messina), Walter Crivellin (Università di Torino), Federica Falchi (Università di Cagliari), Paola Russo (Università di Catania).

Andrea Catanzaro

Università degli Studi di Genova

LA POLYKOIRANÍA OMERICA E POST-OMERICA: UN INDEFINITO POTERE DEI MOLTI TRA LESSICO E TEORIA POLITICA 

(THE HOMERIC AND POST-HOMERIC POLYKOIRANÍA: AN UNIDENTIFIED POWER OF THE MANY BETWEEN LEXICON AND POLITICAL THEORY) 

Keywords: Polykoiranía, Iliad, forms of government, political power, political regimes. 

Book II of the Iliad shows a significant moment of political crisis when Agamemnon loses the control over the Achaean army after his false announcement of the retreat from the besiege of Troy. Odysseus restores order and remembers the soldiers that the power of one man is better than the government of the many. He calls this situation polykoiranía, but he and the Homeric poems as a whole do not provide us with any further information concerning what this polykoiranía really is. Is it a form of government, a well identified political regime, or anything else? Through a lexical analysis focused on the occurrences of this word in the ancient Greek literature, the essay tries to answer these questions, with a view to outlining the most significant elements of a political idea which is usually relegated to the background or, worse, outside the debate concerning the forms of government, despite its first appearance in the Iliad, that is, in one of the most famous, influencing and quoted work in political literature, particularly in the ancient one. 

Sandro Ciurlia

Università del Salento

LA «GIUSTIZIA COME CARITÀ DEL SAGGIO»: LA COMPLESSITÀ DELLA NOZIONE DI DIRITTO IN LEIBNIZ 

(THE “JUSTICE AS CHARITY OF THE WISE”: THE COMPLEXITY OF THE CONCEPT OF LAW IN LEIBNIZ)

Keywords: Leibniz, Right, Justice, Community, Wisdom.

Starting from the analysis of the notion of Jus universalis and from the application of a series of logical rules disciplining the exercise of law in its most varied articulations, the essay aims to reconstruct the complex theoretical arguments that lead Leibniz to intersect the sphere of right with those of politics and morals, introducing notions such as wisdom and charity, understood as essential references to create a complete idea of justice in its triple declination, that is the foundation of individual identity and of the Communitas, that must be politically administered.

Nicoletta Stradaioli 

Università degli Studi di Perugia

L’ICONOGRAFIA DELL’ITALIA NEL RISORGIMENTO ROMANTICO 

(THE ICONOGRAPHY OF ITALY DURING THE ROMANTIC RISORGIMENTO) 

Keywords: Risorgimento, Romanticism, national personification, Italia turrita. 

This article examines the national personification or allegory of Italy during the Risorgimento. From ancient times to today the iconographic representation of Italy and its symbolic attributes has shown a female figure characterized by a mural crown (corona muralis), with a shining star above her head to suggest a bright destiny, and holding in her hands a horn of plenty (cornucopia) to indicate abundance of the territory and a scepter to show authority. This image bears the name of Italia turrita. In the Risorgimento the iconographic representation of Italy contributes to building national identification, in which the personification of Italy undergoes some changes in the system of signs and symbols characterizing her identity. The article draws attention to the multiple images of Italy, embodying the romantic period of national patriotism and the various political programs for national unification: paintings, prints, engravings and sculptures are taken into consideration.

Giovanni B. Varnier

Università degli Studi di Genova

GIURISTI ITALIANI TRA IL RETAGGIO DEL RISORGIMENTO, LA GRANDE GUERRA E IL FASCISMO. I PROFILI BIOGRAFICI DEI PROTAGONISTI 

(ITALIAN JURISTS BETWEEN THE HERITAGE OF RISORGIMENTO, GREAT WAR AND FASCISM. THE BIOGRAPHICAL PROFILES OF THE PROTAGONISTS)

Keywords: Position Italian Jurists, Risorgimento, Fascism. 

Based on the biographies of the main Italian jurists, the essay examines the cultural itinerary of a generation that extends from the late nineteenth century to the middle of the twentieth century. This is a category of research that in the past was neglected and only recently is the subject of attention. In particular the years of Fascism see a diversity of behaviors and a substantial adhesion of many jurists to the innovations introduced especially with the corporative system. It is also interesting to note how some of these scholars held top positions also in democratic Italy. Therefore the period between the two wars is fundamental in the history of Italy and is such also for the history of legal culture.

Giulia Maria Gallotta

Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”

DALLA CRECIA AI MIGRANTI: VERSO UN CONCETTO DI CRISI PROPRIO DELL’UNIONE EUROPEA? 

(FROM GREECE TO REFUGEES: TOWARDS A EU-SPECIFIC CONCEPT OF ‘CRISIS’?) 

Keywords: crisis, European Union, history, migration, debt crisis. 

This article starts from the well-known  difficulty in tracing a shared and accurate meaning of the word “crisis” in social sciences as the starting point for a double test. First, it aims at verifying if a concept of crisis, which is peculiar of the European integration process can be said to exist through the comparative analysis of researches on the history of European integration process itself. The resulting concept is then tested against two most recent crises the EU has occurred in, the Greek crisis and the migrant crisis. The result is mixed: if it is difficult to trace a common definition of what a crisis is in the EEC/EU, it is not a good news for the EU itself and its capacity of managing crisis respecting its fundamental values of inclusiveness and solidarity.

Michele Zezza 

Universidade de São Paulo

UNA RECENTE BIOGRAFIA CULTURALE DI BOBBIO: TRE ELEMENTI DI ORIGINALITÀ NELLA RICOSTRUZIONE DI UN ALLIEVO 

(A RECENT CULTURAL BIOGRAPHY OF BOBBIO: THREE ELEMENTS OF ORIGINALITY IN THE REBUILDING OF A STUDENT) 

Keywords: Norberto Bobbio, Mario Losano, Philosophy of law, Political philosophy. 

The article analyses the recent research on Norberto Bobbio’s life and works made by Mario Losano, focusing the attention on some original aspects of its reconstruction.